The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 was a continuation of The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! produced by DIC Entertainment. As its name suggests, it was based heavily on Super Mario Bros. 3. It was succeeded by Super Mario World. Unlike the Super Show, this cartoon did not have a live-action segment.
Because it was only based on Super Mario Bros. 3, many of the elements from the Super Show were dropped, which had been derived from Super Mario Bros. 2, such as the turnips, Mouser, Tryclyde, and Birdo. King Koopa's alter-egos are also dropped. Another element that differed was that a main plot of the Super Show was that Mario and Luigi were constantly seeking a way to get home to Brooklyn, whereas these episodes showed they had successfully found a way home, as several featured adventures in the "Real World".
Despite the fact that Nintendo swapped the colors of Mario and Luigi's shirt and overalls and modified the character designs from the Mario franchise, DIC decided to keep the Super Show designs, although in "Princess Toadstool for President" onward, Mario's hair color is changed to brown, while Luigi's hair color stays black. However, the Shout Factory! DVD cover depicts Mario in his current color scheme from the video games, while he is still depicted in his original color scheme in the show. Futhermore, none of the voice actors of the Super Show reprised their roles, except John Stocker and the late Harvey Atkin.
|#||First segment||Second segment||Airdate|
|1||Sneaky Lying Cheating Giant Ninja Koopas||Reptiles in the Rose Garden||September 8, 1990|
| A) Bowser turns four of his kids into giant ninjas so they can kidnap Giant Land's new ruler, Prince Hugo the Huge.
B) Kootie Pie is "celebrating" her sixteenth birthday, but all she wants is to take over America.
|2||Mind Your Mummy Mommy, Mario||The Beauty of Kootie||September 15, 1990|
| A) Hip and Hop abduct the mummified Prince Mushroomkhamen, whose mother then mistakes Mario for him due to the uncanny resemblance.
B) Cheatsy transforms Kootie Pie into a human to distract Mario while they steal oil from the Sultan of Desert Land.
|3||Princess Toadstool for President||Never Koop a Koopa||September 22, 1990|
| A) Apparently ignoring the fact that the Mushroom Kingdom is a monarchy, Bowser runs in a democratic election against the Princess.
B) Bowser tricks the heroes into thinking he's giving up so he can lure them into a trap.
|4||Reign Storm||Toddler Terrors of Time Travel||September 29, 1990|
| A) While Princess Peach leaves the Mario Bros. in charge as she takes a trip to Hawaii, Bowser sabotages things and Kooky builds a robot look-alike of the Princess to take the real one's place.
B) Bowser and Kooky travel back in time to stop the Mario Bros. from ever coming to the Mushroom Kingdom, but in doing so, they, the Mario Bros., and Toad accidentally get turned into babies.
|5||Dadzilla||Tag Team Trouble||October 6, 1990|
| A) Kootie Pie and Big Mouth, inadvertently predicting the retcon of them no longer being Bowser's kids, think a giant robotic reptile that's being used for a movie is their real father.
B) When Toad thinks the Koopas stole the money he was delivering to the Mushroom Orphanage, he tries entering his cousins in a tag-team wrestling match.
|6||Oh, Brother!||Misadventure of Mighty Plumber||October 13, 1990|
| A) Mario gets kidnapped during a spat with Luigi.
B) Bowser zaps Mario and Luigi's TV hero, Mighty Plumber, out of his TV and tricks him into helping him rob Pipe Land's coin treasury.
|7||A Toadally Magical Adventure||Misadventures in Babysitting||October 20, 1990|
| A) Toad fools around with a magic wand that's supposed to be delivered to the Wizard King of the West.
B) Mario and Luigi get roped into babysitting a bratty Brooklyn kid who then wanders into the Mushroom Kingdom.
|8||Do the Koopa||Kootie Pie Rocks||October 27, 1990|
| A) The heroes venture into Dark Land to find the Doom Dancer music box.
B) When Princess Peach goes to see a Milli Vanilli concert, Kootie Pie orders Bowser to kidnap them for her.
|9||Mush-Rumors||The Ugly Mermaid||November 3, 1990|
| A) An ordinary Earth family somehow drives into the Mushroom World, and everyone mistakes them for aliens.
B) Bowser tries to take over the underwater city of Mertropolis, whose princess, Holly Mackeral, has mistaken Mario for a frog prince.
|10||Crimes R Us||Life's Ruff||November 10, 1990|
| A) Bowser abducts Earth criminal Crimewave Clyde to help teach the Koopalings how to be master criminals.
B) In the one Mario cartoon episode that Mario doesn't appear in, Hip and Hop change Luigi and King Windbag of Iced Land into dogs.
|11||Up, Up, and a Koopa||7 Continents for 7 Koopas||November 17, 1990|
| A) Bowser uses Kooky's anti-gravity machine to lift up everything in Grass Land.
B) Bowser sends his Koopalings out to conquer all of Earth's continents.
|12||True Colors||Recycled Koopa||November 24, 1990|
|13||The Venice Menace||Super Koopa||December 1, 1990|
While the preceding Super Show had featured multiple celebrity appearances, this series had featured only one celebrity appearance, Milli Vanilli in "Kootie Pie Rocks". Members Fab Morvan and Rob Pilatus actually voiced their animated counterparts. Interestingly, two weeks after this episode aired Milli Vanilli was dogged by accusations of lip-synching, to which they surrendered their Grammy award they won one week prior.