|Released|| September 14, 2001|
November 18, 2001
December 14, 2001 (Panasonic Q)
May 3, 2002
May 17, 2002
|Processor||IBM "Gekko" at 485 MHz, based on IBM PowerPC 750CXe|
|GPU||ATI "Flipper" at 202 MHz, developed by ArtX|
|Memory|| 24MB system RAM
3 MB video RAM 16 MB RAM for audio and disc drive I/O
|Resolution|| 480i/480p (NTSC)
480i/576i (PAL) 240i/480p (not used)
|Media|| 8cm constant angular velocity discs based on DVD standard at 1.5GB capacity|
4MB GameCube Memory Card
|Controller input||Nintendo GameCube controller, WaveBird, Game Boy Advance, DK Bongos|
|Online service||LAN connectivity, Internet servers for individual games|
|Units shipped||22 million|
|Best-selling game||Super Smash Bros. Melee (7.09 million sold)|
|Predecessor|| Nintendo 64|
Nintendo first mentioned a successor to the Nintendo 64 on March 3, 1999, a day after Sony's announcement of the PlayStation 2, the successor to the Sony PlayStation One. Two months later, on May 12, 1999, Nintendo of America's former chairman Howard Lincoln officially announced the console, which would be codenamed "Dolphin". Nintendo remained quiet for over a year about "Dolphin," preferring to focus on the Nintendo 64 and Game Boy Color at E3 2000. It wasn't until August 24, 2000, a day before Spaceworld 2000, that the company officially unveiled the GameCube, the end result of the "Dolphin" project.
The heart of the GameCube is a IBM-developed CPU called the "Gekko." The Gekko is based on IBM's general-purpose PowerPC 750CXe with custom features. The system's 202.5 MHz GPU, called "Flipper," was designed by ArtX and after ATi bought ArtX, was produced by ATi.
For its storage medium, the GameCube uses 8 cm discs based on the DVD, developed by Matsushita (Panasonic), that can hold up to 1.5GB. Since they are smaller than traditional DVDs, the GameCube is not able to play DVD movies, though through a partnership with Nintendo, Panasonic manufactured and distributed the Panasonic Q, a hybrid DVD-player console with GameCube hardware.
The GameCube's controller combines elements from just about every controller before it, as well as introducing a few innovations of its own. In addition to the standard analog stick, D-pad and shoulder buttons, Nintendo has added an analog C-stick (often referred to as the camera-stick) replacing the four yellow C-buttons from the Nintendo 64 controller, moved the Z-button to the right shoulder and rearranged the button configuration so that there is a large A button surrounded by the X, Y and B buttons and having the middle part from the Nintendo 64 controller removed for better comfort.
The shoulder buttons L and R are both analogue, allowing the console to know how far they are pushed in, for things like throttle in racing games. Like the Nintendo 64, the GameCube features four controller ports. The regular GameCube memory card holds 4 megabits of data, but the Digicard Adapter will allow for flash memory cards that can hold 64MB to 128MB, effectively giving the console the functionality of the failed 64DD add-on for the N64. A choice between a 56K modem and broadband adapter was available for online connectivity, but neither of these add-ons were included with the console.
Unlike the Nintendo 64 and Game Boy Color, which connect using an adapter, the GameCube can interface directly with the Game Boy Advance via the Game Boy Advance to Nintendo GameCube Link Cable to transmit information back and forth. The last title released for the GameCube was Madden '08. In 2006, the GameCube was succeeded by the Wii. In 2007, production of GameCube games were discontinued. Hardware and software sales concluded in 2009.
History and development
Development on the GameCube began after the launch of the Nintendo 64. Nintendo has stated multiple times that the moment a system is launched, the plans to create its successor are already in motion. Prior to the launch of the GameCube, Nintendo referred to it as the Nintendo Dolphin. Indeed, several video games released near the launch of the console bare references to this popular codename.
Nintendo designer Shigeru Miyamoto has stated that the transition from developing on the Nintendo 64 to the GameCube was fairly easy when compared to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System to Nintendo 64 transition. He compared the move to the NES to SNES changeover in that basically the GameCube wasn't as much of a revolution as it was an evolution over its predecessor.
The design of the GameCube has often been criticized. During the launch of the Wii, even Nintendo recognized that several critics thought that the GameCube was designed to look like a toy. The handle in particular caused several pundits to joke that the piece of hardware looked like a lunchbox. The controller, on the other hand, was greatly praised for being comfortable, and the Wavebird in particular was lauded for its wireless capabilities. Nintendo implemented a digital and analog mode in the controller's L and R buttons, new to the system.
InterfaceThe GameCube menu is unlike the Xbox or PlayStation 2 menus. The music for the Gamecube menu seems unique and especially slow at first, but when sped up around 19 times, the tune is actually a slightly lower pitched version of the Famicom Disk System's BIOS.
There are also several Easter egg start-up noises activated by pressing the Z button on a specific amount of controllers. If you hold the Z button on 1 controller when turning the system on, you will hear squeaky noises and a baby's laughter at the end. Holding the Z button on all 4 controllers produces a Japanese oriental style sound effect, with a man shouting a battle cry at the end.
The menu is a cube, and consists of 5 different screens. The first is the picture you see on the right, the second being where you start up the game, the third being where you adjust the screens position and sound, the fourth being where you can erase, copy or move data on your memory card(s) and the last one tells you the date and time. It was removed when the Nintendo Wii had backward compatibility for the Nintendo GameCube. This has been changed due to Wii having settings for the GameCube memory cards and Wii settings.
|Central processing unit (CPU)||
|Graphics processing unit||* 162 MHz "Flipper" LSI (co-developed by Nintendo and ArtX, acquired by ATI)
Top Ten GameCube Best Sellers
- Super Smash Bros. Melee - 7.41 million
- Mario Kart: Double Dash‼ - 6.88 million
- Super Mario Sunshine - 5.91 million
- The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker - 4.43 million
- Luigi's Mansion - 3.33 million
- Mario Party 4 - 2.29 million
- Metroid Prime -1.87 million
- Star Fox Adventures - 1.69 million
- Mario Party 5 - 1.64 million
- Pikmin - 1.52 million
Several games were originally under development by Rare for the GameCube. However, the acquisition of the company by Microsoft meant that Rare could not develop for the GameCube anymore, so these games were canceled. With the exception of Donkey Kong Racing, which was altogether cancelled, most other well known projects planned for the GameCube were developed for the Xbox but, due to development issues, eventually released on the Xbox 360. Perfect Dark Zero and Kameo involved cosmetic changes whilst Banjo-Threeie was turned into Banjo-Kazooie: Nuts and Bolts.
The GameCube performed rather poorly, saleswise. Following the GameCube's launch, Miyamoto admitted that it had sold far less than he and Nintendo had expected. It is Nintendo's third worst selling performing system of all time only doing better than the Virtual Boy and the Wii U. The PlayStation had caused Nintendo to lose its market share during the Nintendo 64 generation, and the GameCube just made matters worse. The PlayStation 2's sales numbers dwarfed those of the GameCube's, while the Xbox sold slightly more.
Interestingly, however, during the GameCube generation Nintendo made more money that their competitors, thanks in part to the Game Boy Advance and the moderate sales of the GameCube and its software. Whereas Nintendo made money almost every year from the launch to the discontinuation of the system, the competition's game departments regularly lost money.
The GameCube featured several titles that today are noted for their quality. Retro Studios made their video game debut with Metroid Prime on the GameCube. Upon being announced, many speculated whether a Western developer, especially one that had just been established, could create a successor to what was generally regarded as one of the greatest games of all time, Super Metroid.
Their earnest hard work and determination payed off, as Metroid Prime was not only critically acclaimed but sold millions of units as well. Another Western Nintendo developer, Nintendo Software Technology in Washington, also made a big splash on the GameCube with Wave Race: Blue Storm and 1080° Avalanche. Canadian developer Silicon Knights created one of Nintendo's only Mature-rated video games, Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem.
While Western developers proved themselves greatly on the system, Japanese companies developed more successful software. Super Smash Bros. Melee is considered by most to be a huge improvement over the Nintendo 64 original Super Smash Bros., and is the best selling title on the system. The GameCube was also the height of the Mario Party franchise, with an astounding four video games being released for the system, more than any other console. The Pikmin franchise began on the GameCube, with Pikmin and Pikmin 2 both being huge successes for Nintendo.
The GameCube was the last Nintendo console that Rare, the English developer known for Donkey Kong Country, Banjo-Kazooie and GoldenEye 007, developed for. After a lackluster reception for Star Fox Adventures, Nintendo sold their shares in Rare to Microsoft for over $300 million. Microsoft has stated that they purchased Rare in order to lighten their image, despite one of Rare's first games for the company being a remake to the M-rated Nintendo 64 title Conker's Bad Fur Day.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 http://ign.com/articles/2001/01/17/gamecube-101-graphics
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 http://www.segatech.com/gamecube/overview/
- ↑ http://www.techpowerup.com/gpudb/1918/gamecube-gpu.html
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 https://web.archive.org/web/20010123223800/cube.ign.com/news/29756.html