The game was originally teased a Jett Rocket Super Surf in late 2011. They later changed the name what it is now in early 2013. After the game's website went live on March 1, screenshots of the game were released later that month and a teaser trailer for the game was uploaded on April 16. On May 1, Shin'en announced that the game would be delayed for a Q3 release in order to add additional 3D free-roaming levels while reiterating that the game would still run at 60 fps and also releasing more screenshots in August. After being submitted to the 3DS's eShop in late August, Jett Rocket II: The Wrath of Taikai was finally released on November 13.
Jett Rocket II: The Wrath of Taikai has been met with mixed to positive reception, with Nintendo Life awarding it a 7/10 and praising it as "a game that, for the most part, is fun to play and nice to look at. It tries to deliver a varied gameplay experience, and although it isn’t too hot when it comes to the 3D levels and shallow mini-games, it makes up for this with tightly crafted 2D levels that can be deviously challenging" while stating that its "overall presentation comes off as generic and lacking in personality." Cubed3 echoed similar statements, stating that the sequel "continues its predecessor's line of top precision platforming and striking visuals, yet is not quite at the level of carving out a non-generic look of its own" and ultimately awarded it a 7/10. Overall, Jett Rocket II: The Wrath of Taikai has received a Metacritic score of 62, indicating mixed or average reviews.