Atari, Inc., also known as Atari Corporation from 1984 to 1996, was a third-party developer for Nintendo systems. They created quite a few systems including the 400, the 2600, the 5200, the 7800, Lynx, Jaguar and VCS.
Once a booming company in the early ages of the gaming industry, Atari have been fatally bruised by the 1983 video game crash. This has led to their bankruptcy and division of the video gaming and arcade corporations, and have become a shadow of their former selves as a result.
In 1983, Nintendo was in talks to license the distribution rights to the Family Computer to Atari. The deal fell apart.
The company was split up in 1984 and from this point on the home video game part of the company was known as Atari Corporation. This new company would publish games for consoles under the name "Tengen". It lasted until 1996 before it became a defunct company when the company reverse merged with JTS Inc, becoming a small division, which itself closed when JTS liquidated the IP to Hasbro Interactive in 1998.
The company was eventually bought by Infogrames, a French video game company, in 2001. The two merged with other groups and ended up with the name of Atari, SA. Atari then focused more on publishing games and investing in the hardware side of the industry. After getting really close to bankruptcy, the company was revived with the help of aids from the American and French governments. Since then, Atari announced a new console called the Atari VCS in 2017, which is set to be released towards the end of the year.